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How do essential oils in herbs and spices inhibit bacterial growth in meat?

    Essential oils in herbs and spices exhibit antimicrobial properties, which contribute to inhibiting bacterial growth in meat. These oils contain various bioactive compounds such as phenols, terpenes, aldehydes, and alcohols, which possess antibacterial effects. When applied to meat, these compounds can penetrate bacterial cell walls and disrupt important cellular processes, leading to bacterial death or inhibition of growth. Additionally, essential oils can alter the permeability of bacterial cell membranes, causing leakage of cellular contents and ultimately bacterial death. Some essential oils also interfere with bacterial enzyme systems essential for their survival. Overall, the antimicrobial properties of essential oils help prevent spoilage and improve the safety and shelf life of meat products.

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