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What is deontology?

    Deontology is a moral theory that emphasizes the importance of following rules and principles in making ethical decisions. It is a normative ethical theory that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions based on their adherence to moral duties and obligations. Deontological ethics derives its name from the Greek word “deon,” meaning “duty” or “obligation.”

    In deontology, the morality of an action is determined by the nature of the action rather than by its consequences. According to this theory, certain actions are inherently right or wrong, regardless of the outcomes they produce. Deontologists argue that individuals have ethical duties and obligations that should guide their behavior, and these duties should be determined by universally applicable moral rules.

    Some notable deontological theories include Immanuel Kant’s categorical imperative and W.D. Ross’s theory of prima facie duties. Kant argues that moral actions should be guided by principles that are universally applicable and based on reason, while Ross proposes that our moral duties are prima facie, meaning that they are binding unless overridden by other moral duties in a particular situation.

    Deontology provides a clear framework for moral decision-making by prioritizing the principles and obligations that guide our actions.


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